Monday, 23 April 2012

THE PENTATEUCH: A Paradise Of God's Own Fool !!


                                                                   
                                                                       


THE PENTATEUCH
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy are the first five books of the Bible. Collectively called the Pentateuch, they are the most important books of the Old Testament. They provide for the creation of Humanity, and describe the Fall of Man, and establish the foundation of god's law. Tradition asserts that these books were written by Moses at least in the year 1,450 BCE. Believers assert that Moses delivered the Pentateuch completely finished into the hands of the Jews sometime before his death. Is this True? Is there any way that biblical scholars can know this with any certainty? Of course not.
To disprove the claim that Moses wrote those books is to greatly impair the bible's authority as a religious foundation.
And this is exactly what  has happened. It has been shown that the Pentateuch was not written by some  Moses, and that those books are not as old as they are claimed to be. They were written centuries later by unknown writers.
What is the main argument used to prove that Moses was the author of the Pentateuch? The following verses:
"And it came to pass, that when Moses had made an end of writing the words of this law in a book, until they were finished, that Moses commanded the Levites, which bore the ark of the covenant of the Lord, saying, Take this book of the law, and put it inside of the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, that it may be there for a witness against thee." (Deu 31:24-26).

This passage was written for a purpose-- the conclusion to it appears in 2nd Kings.
     During the reign of Josiah, Hilkiah the high priest discovered a "book of the law" in the temple. "And Hilkiah the high priest said unto Shaphan the scribe, I have found the book of the law in the house of the Lord." (2 Kings 22:8) This book was the book of Deuteronomy-- but it was not written in the time of Moses, but in the time of Josiah, more than eight centuries later. Hilkiah needed the book and he "found" it... he simply "found it in the temple", lying around, presumably unnoticed until then. Honesty forces us to admit that  he wrote it.
Moses Came With His Tablets
 From Mount Horeb
There can’t be a lie deception & shameless treachery greater than the above quoted fake admission by our biblical High Priest (Hil-kiah).

No Book had ever been placed inside the Ark as the so-called writer of Deuteronomy stated. At the dedication of Solomon's temple the ark was opened, but it contained no book. "There was nothing in the ark save the two tables of stone, which Moses put there at Horeb." (1 Kings 8:5-9)

Dr. Briggs presents the following list of arguments [The Hexateuch, p. 261]  that the  Book of Deuteronomy was invented in the time of Josiah :

1) Expressions which indicate a period prior to the Conquest (2:12; 19:14)


2) The law of the king, which implies the reign of Solomon (17:14-20): We all know that no king was installed before the time of Prophet Samuel.

3) The one supreme judicatory of the time of Jehosaphat (17:8): No such thing ever existed in Moses’s era.
4) The one central altar of the times of Hezekiah (12:5)

5) The return to Egypt in ships not conceivable before the time of Manasseh (28:68)

6)Mention of  the type of idolatry that existed in middle period of the monarchy (4:19; 17:3)
                                                         
7) No trace of Deuteronomy in writings prior to Jeremiah.

8) The point of view indicates an advanced style of theological reflection.
9) The prohibition of Mazzebah (16:22) which is regarded as lawful in Isaiah (19:19)

10) The style implies a long development of the art of Hebrew oratory, and the language is free from archaism, and suits the times preceding Jeremiah.

 11) The humanitarianism of Deuteronomy shows an ethical advance beyond Amos and Isaiah and prepares the way for Jeremiah and Ezekiel : We all know how blood thirsty was our God of Old Testament.
                                                                                   
12) Ancient laws embedded in the code account for the penalties for their infraction in 2 Kings 22
13) Ancient laws of war are associated with laws which imply the wars of the monarchy, and have been influenced by Amos.

1) Exp                                                                
  
Arguments Against Mosaic Authorship

1. Moses never claimed to be the author of the Pentateuch. There is nothing in the work, neither is there anything outside of it, to indicate that he was its author.

2. The ancient Hebrews did not believe that he wrote it.

3. The Pentateuch was written in the Hebrew language. The Hebrew of the Bible did not exist in the time of Moses. Language takes centuries to develop. It took a thousand years to develop the English language. The Hebrew of the Bible was not brought from Egypt, but grew in Palestine. Referring to this language.

4. Not only is it true that the Hebrew language did not exist, but it is urged by critics that no written language, as we understand it, existed in Western Asia in the time of Moses. Hieroglyphs were then in use, and it cannot be imagined that a work as large as the Pentateuch was written or engraved in hieroglyphics and carried about by this wandering tribe of ignorant Israelites.

                                             
 
5. It contains an account of the death and burial of Moses which he could not have written:

A}"So Moses, the servant of the Lord, died there in the land of Moab. . . . And he buried him in a valley of the land of Moab
" (Deut. 34:5-6).

 B}" the children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days." (34:8)

Orthodox commentators attempt to remove this difficulty by supposing that the last chapter of Deuteronomy belongs to the book of Joshua, and that Joshua recorded the death of Moses. The same chapter, referring to the appointment of Joshua as the successor of Moses, says: "And Joshua the son of Nun was full of the spirit of wisdom." (Deut. 34:9) If Joshua wrote this, however full of the spirit of wisdom he may have been, he certainly was not full of the spirit of modesty. Joshua did not write this chapter.

6. "No man knoweth of his [Moses'] sepulchre unto this day." (Deut. 34:6)
       That this chapter could ever have been attributed to either Moses or Joshua is unbelievable. The language plainly shows that not just one, but many generations had elapsed between the time of Moses and the time that verse was written. So it’s a latter day insertion.                                              

7. "
They [the Israelites] did eat manna until they came unto the borders of Canaan." (Ex. 16:35) This passage was written after the Israelites settled in Canaan and ceased to subsist on manna. And this was not until after the death of Moses.
8. "
The Horims also dwelt in Seir beforetime; but the children of Esau succeeded them, when they had destroyed them from before them, and dwelt in their stead; as Israel did unto the land of his possession, which the Lord gave unto them." (Deut. 2:12) This refers to the conquest of Canaan and was written after that event, but by that time our Moses was long dead.


9. "
Thou shalt eat it within thy gates." (Deut. 15:22) The phrase, "within thy gates," occurs in the Pentateuch about twenty-five times. It refers to the gates of the cities of the Israelites, cities which they did not inhabit until after the death of Moses. What gates did the Israelites have in the wildnerness?
10. "Ye
shall therefore keep my statutes and my judgments, . . . that the land spew not you out also, when ye defile it, as it spewed out the nations that were before you." (Lev. 18:26-28) When Moses died the nations alluded to still occupied the land and had not been expelled.


11.. "And Rachel died and was buried in the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem." (Gen. 35:19) The Hebrew name of Bethlehem was not given to this city until after the Israelites had conquered and occupied it.

12. "For
only Og, king of Bashan, remained of the remnant of giants; behold, his bedstead was a bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbath of the children of Amman?" (Deut. 3:11)

This is another passage relied upon by the early critics to disprove the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch. The writer's reference to the bedstead of Og, which was still preserved as a relic at Rabbath, indicates a time long subsequent to the conquest of Bashan.


13. "
And Jair the son of Manasseh went and took the small towns thereof, and called them Havoth-jair." (Num. 32:41)

The above is evidently a misstatement of an event recorded in Judges: "And after him [Tola] arose Jair, a Gileadite, and judged Israel twenty and two years. And he had thirty sons, . . . and they had thirty cities, which are called Havoth-jair unto this day." (Jud. 10:3-4) Jair was judge of Israel from 1210 to 1188 BCE, or from 241 to 263 years after the date assigned for the writing of the Pentateuch.


14. "
Jair the son of Manasseh took all the country of Argob unto the coasts of Qeshuri and Maachathi; and called them after his own name, Bashan-havoth-jair, unto this day" (Deut. 3:14).

Jair never lived in the time of Moses. It is a misstatement from Jud 10:3-4. Also the very phrase "unto this day" shows that it was written long after the event described.

15. "And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan" (Gen. 14:14). This passage could not have been written before Dan existed. In Judges (18:26-29) the following account of the origin of this place is given:
                                             
 "
And the children of Dan went their way; . . . and came unto Laish, unto a people that were at quiet and secure; and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and burnt the city with fire. . . . And they built a city, and dwelt therein. And they called the name of the city Dan."
This is placed after the death of Samson, and Samson died, according to Bible chronology, 1120 BCE-- 331 years after Moses died.

15. "
And these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom before there reigned any king over the children of Israel" (Gen. 36:31).

This could not have been written before the kingdom of Israel was established; for the writer is familiar with the fact that kings have reigned in Israel. Saul, the first king of Israel, began to reign 356 years after our Mythical Moses.

16. "The Canaanite and the Perizzite dwelt then in the land " (Gen. 13:7). This, like the preceding passage, could not have been written before the time of David. The Perizzites, also, inhabited Palestine for a long period after the conquest was our Moses was dead.

In the time of the Judges "the children of Israel dwelt among the . . . Perizzites " (Jud. 3:5). 

17. "The
first of the first fruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the house of the Lord thy God" (Ex. 23:19).

This was not written before the time of Solomon; for God had no house prior to the erection of the temple, 1004 BCE, 447 years after our Mythical Moses died.

 When David proposed to build him a house, YHWH forbade him and said: "I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle" (2 Sam. 7:6). The tabernacle itself was a tent (Tent of Meeting). During all this time no house was ever used as a sanctuary.

18. "
One from among the brethren shalt thou set king over thee. . . . But he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses. . . . Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away; neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold" (Deut. 17:15-17).

A}" And Solomon had forty thousand stalls of horses" (1 Kings 4:26).

B}" And Solomon had horses brought out of Egypt" (10:28).

C} "And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart " (11:3).

D}"The weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was six hundred three score and six talents of gold" (10:14).

E} "And the king made silver to be in Jerusalem as stones" (10:27).

 Nothing can be plainer than that this statute in Deuteronomy was written after Solomon's reign. The extravagance and debaucheries of this monarch had greatly impoverished and corrupted the kingdom, and to prevent a recurrence of such excesses this law was enacted.

19. "
If there arise a matter too hard for thee in judgment, . . . thou shalt come unto the priests the Levites, and unto the judge that shall be in those days, and enquire; and they shall show thee the sentence of judgment" (Deut. 17:8-9).

This court was established by Jehoshaphat (2 Chron. 19:8-11). Jehoshaphat commenced his reign 914 BCE-- 537 years after Moses.

20. "
But in the place which the Lord shall choose in one of thy tribes, there thou shalt offer thy burnt offerings, and there shalt thou do all that I command thee" (Deut. 12:14).

 "Is
it not he [the Lord] whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and said to Judah and Jerusalem, Ye shall worship before this altar?" (Is. 36:7).

Up to the time of Hezekiah the Hebrews worshiped at many altars. Hezekiah removed these altars and established the one central altar at Jerusalem. This was in 726 BCE-- 725 years after Moses.

21. The worship of the sun, moon, and stars by the Jews, is mentioned and condemned (Deut. 4:19; 17:3). This nature worship was adopted by them in the reign of Manasseh, 800 years after Moses.

22. "
Wherefore it is said in the book of the Wars of the Lord, what he did in the Red Sea, and in the brooks of Arnon." (Num. 21:14)

 The author of the Pentateuch here cites a book older than the Pentateuch, which gives an account of the journeyings of the Israelites from Egypt to Moab-- from the Exodus to the end of Moses' career.  What a Joke ! :)
23. "
And thou shalt write upon the stones all the words of this law very plainly." (Deut. 27:8) "And he [Joshua] wrote there upon the stones a copy of the law of Moses." (Josh. 8:32) Christians affirm that the Law of Moses and the Pentateuch are one.

The fact  that this Law of Moses was not the 150,000 words of the Pentateuch is shown by the fact that after the death of Moses it was all engraved upon a stone altar.

24. "
Now the man Moses was very meek, above all the men which were upon the face of the earth" (Num. 12:3).
 No writer would bestow upon himself Mr .Olympia Title like  “meekest man on earth. This can’t be our Moses but his admirer .

25. "And
this is the such fulsome praise written by a devout was not written by blessing wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death." (Deut. 33:1). There are three reasons for rejecting the Mosaic authorship of this: -
a)Moses is spoken of in laudatory terms;
b)He is spoken of in the 3rd person;
c) His death is referred to as an event that is already past. By the way how can Moses write about his own death , possibly from his coffin box? Just think about it !

26. "
And there arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses." (Deut. 34:10)

 Not only is the highest praise bestowed upon Moses, a thing that he would not have done, but the language clearly shows that it was written centuries after the time he lived. 

Additional Points :-


1.  The religious history of the Jews embraces three periods of time, each covering centuries.
First period : The worship of Jehovah (Jewish Dracula) was confined to no particular place;

 Second period: Was confined to the holy city, Jerusalem;

 Third period :It was confined not merely to Jerusalem, but to the temple itself. There are writings in the Pentateuch belonging to each of these periods.



The Encyclopedia Britannica declares that this fact alone provides overwhelming disproof of Mosaic authorship.
2. The religion of the Pentateuch was not a revelation, but an Evolution.


3. The Pentateuch abounds with repetitions and contradictions. The first two chapters of Genesis contain two accounts of the Creation differing in every important detail. In the sixth, seventh, and eighth chapters of Genesis, two different and contradictory accounts of the Deluge are intermingled. Exodus and Deuteronomy each contain a copy of the Decalogue, the two differing as to the reason assigned for the institution of the Sabbath. There are several different versions of the call of Abraham; different and conflicting stories of the Egyptian plagues; contradictory accounts of the conquest of Canaan.

4. The hero of the Exodus has an Egyptian not a Hebrew name (as in Thut’moses, Ah’moses, etc). No contemporary non-biblical source mentions Moses. In this unlikely episode, a pharaoh who "does not know"Joseph is alarmed by the explosive growth of the Hebrews and decides that new born male infants of the Hebrews should be drowned. One is saved in an ark made of bulrushes daubed with slime. Amazingly, none other than the daughter of Pharaoh himself finds the infant mariner and adopts him.
The idea of "threatened child becomes great figure" is commonplace in pagan mythologies like Krishna in Hinduism, Sumerian king Sargon, Heracles, Romulus & Remus, etc. It is, of course, reworked in the story of Jesus also.

5. According to Josephus (Antiquities of the Jews - II.9) pharaoh's daughter is named 'Thermuthis' – a name which she happens to share with a manifestation of Isis – which would make Moses the Horus figure.


Egyptian mythology
In Egyptian mythology, Evil Seth, in the guise of a snake had bitten the infant Horus. He had been saved by Thoth – the Ibis headed god.  Our hero Moses "cheerfully" accepted, rallied the Egyptians and defeated the Ethiopians who had overrun the entire country.
        Moses’s  victory included vanquishing a "multitude of serpents" with the "Ibes" bird. The incident finds mention in famous Historian  Flavius Josephus ‘s work  “Antiquities of the Jews”, Book 2 .
                           Who is Moses’s Real Father-in-law?
Moses flees to Arabia where he marries the daughter of a Midianite priest and lives as a shepherd. His father-in-law is 'Reuel' (Exodus 2.18) or 'Jethro' (Exodus 3.1, 4.18) or'Hobab' (Judges 4.11) . What a Joke!!

                                   
                                                         
    Origins Of  Exodus Story : Ancient Sumerian Mythology Reloaded !!

Biblical Exodus story is just a rehash of   stories  found in Babylon. Ancient Hebrew scribers borrowed or rather heavily copied, unabashed from Ancient worlds. In that process , they just replaced the pagan gods/goddess with their  own Jewish diety called YHWH. Thereby transfering  and allocating all the Virtues/Glories of pagan Gods/Goddess solely to YHWH.
In fact the very Hebrew word Elohim  actually means Plural Gods. Consider following plagiaristic origins of Exodus story:
Ancient Sumerian/Babylonia Mythology
  Jewish Mythology
1. Marduk-splits the carcass of a sea-monster to create the world
YHWH-divided the Sea of Reeds to let his people escape from Pharaoh and the pursuing army.
2. Marduk-slaying the demonic hordes
YHWH-drowned the Egyptians
Hym To Aten In Egyptia
Monotheistic Religion.


                                                     
                      Pagiaristic Origins of Book Of Psalm

Aten, is the disk of the sun in ancient Egyptian mythology, and originally an aspect of Ra. The deified Aten is the focus of the  monotheistic  religion . Established by Amenhotep IV, who later took the name  Akhenaten  in worship in recognition of Aten.  In his poem "Great Hymn to the Aten", Akhenaten praises Aten as the creator, and giver of life.

Hymn to the Aten, carved reliefTomb of Ay, Armana.
Hymn to the Aten

Psalm 104

" Lord of All, Lord of heaven, Lord of Earth
Thy rays embrace the lands
Thou layest the foundations of the earth
How manifold are thy works!
The ships go down and up the stream..."

"O Lord thou art very Great
Who coverest thyself with light as a garment
Who laid the foundations of the earth
O Lord how manifold are thy works!
How ships sail to and fro..."





Monday, 16 April 2012

Flavius Josephus: How History Is Doctored To Prove Mythical Creatures!!!


Flavius Josephus

                                                              
Now, there was about this time, Jesus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man, for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure. He drew over to him both many of the Jews, and many of the Gentiles. He was the Christ; and when Pilate, at the suggestion of the principal men amongst us, had condemned him to the cross, those that loved him at the first did not forsake him, for he appeared to them alive again the third day, as the divine prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him; and the tribe of Christians, so named from him, are not extinct at this day."
                                                      -The Antiquities of the Jews,  Testimonium Flavianum.
I must confess when I first wrote a refutation on the above so-called proof of Christian apologists regarding the existence of Jesus, the matter owing to its technical detail  went out of  radar signals of most of Christians folks. Many Christians were not even aware of what the crap I was writing. So I have decided to give a brief background on the above historian called Josephus and why I m writing this stuff.

Flavius Josephus is a highly respected & much quoted  Romano-Jewish historian.
Josephus's two major works are History of The Jewish War and The Antiquities of the Jews.
Mermaid
Christian Apologists for past 1600 years are trying to convience  innocent people of existence of a highly mythical creature called Jesus Christ who is no more real than equally mythical creatures like Mermaids & Goblins ,by quoting the above passage from the works of  Flavius Josephus.
                                                                               
Im going to give my arguments against this alleged  so-called Passage of Jesus inn a simple language, point by point.
1.  Josephus’s Birth:-
·         Flavius Josephus was born on 37A.D, so he automatically disqualifies to even write about the historicity of Jesus because he was not a contemporary of Jesus.
·         Philo Of Alexandria , another prominent historian was the real contemporary of Jesus from 47 A.D - 53A.D, yet surprisingly he never mentions any thing regarding Jesus or Darkness over sky  when Jesus was hung up on the cross.
2.  A single paragraph Proof:-
Interestingly , Josephus confirms every Christian creed in just one passage, in just 127 words Josephus confirms everything – What  a miracle!
·         If Josephus really thought Jesus had been 'The Christ' surely he would have added more about him than one paragraph.
·         In fact, Josephus relates much more aboutJohn the Baptist than about Jesus! 
St Origen
·         He  reports in great detail the antics of other self-proclaimed messiahs, including Judas of GalileeTheudas the Magician, and the unnamed 'Egyptian Jew' messiah. Yet mysteriously ,he sums up in just 127 words about the his most revered and blessed savior for whom he and the whole word has waited since the Dawn of civilization.

                                                          
3.  Above Passage not known before 4rd  Centurary:-
Not a single writer before the 4th century – not Justin, Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria, Tertullian, Cyprian, Arnobius, etc. – in all their defences against pagan hostility, makes  not a single reference to Josephus’s works.
·         Origen did not quote the Said paragraph because this paragraph had not yet been written.
·         "The passage [Testimonium Flavianum] seems to suffer from repeated interpolations."
                                                                         -The Catholic Encyclopedia
·         Bishop Eusebius, that great Church propagandist and self-confessed liar-for-god, was the first person known to have quoted this paragraph of Josephus, about the year 340 AD. This was after the Christians had become the custodians of religious correctness.

4. Josephus: An Orthodox Jew:-
How could Josephus claim that Jesus  was the promised Messiah and yet remain orthodox Jew?
·         If Josephus really thought Jesus had been 'the Christ' surely he would have added more about him than one paragraph.                                        
·         No jew  ever even to this day say the Jesus was the Messiah.
·         It is striking that though Josephus confirms everything the Christians could wish for, he adds nothing that is not in the gospel narratives, nothing that would have been unknown by Christians already.
5.  A Historian must have objectivity:-
The hyperbolic language is uncharacteristic of the historian, and by the way how Josephus introduces Jesus Christ:

"... as the divine prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him."


Hyperbole Graphically
                                                                        

The quoted passage alone is the proof that it was forged by the lying scribers under the auspices of Noble Pope and holy Chruch Fathers. Because its language is Christian. No honest historian shall utter such a crap that prophets spoke 10,000 wonderful things about Jesus. This bogus passage is clearly a deviant invention of   Catholic priests  using concepts like PIOUS  FRAUD .
6. The Context:-
Chapter 2 - it gives an account of a Jewish sedition which was suppressed by Pilate with great slaughter. The account ends as follows:
There were a great number of them slain by this means, and others of them ran away wounded; and thus an end was put to this sedition.” 

Chapter 4- begins with these words:
 “About the same time also another sad calamity put the Jews into disorder.”
 One section naturally and logically follows the other. Yet between these two closely connected paragraphs the one relating to Christ is stuffed just like a Chicken Roll or a Hamburger ; thus making the words, “another sad calamity,” refer to the advent of this wise and wonderful being(Jesus).

At this point the paragraph about Jesus is introduced!
There is no way that Josephus, who remained an orthodox Jew all his life and defended Judaism would have thought that the execution of a messianic claimant was "another terrible misfortune" for the Jews. This is the hand of a Christian writer who himself considered the death of Jesus to be a Jewish tragedy.
With paragraph 3 removed from the text the chapter, in fact, reads better. The "aqueduct massacre" now justifies "another terrible misfortune."


Not Extinct !!
                                                                          

7. Final Assertion:-
The final assertion, that the Christians were "not extinct at this day," confirms that the so-called Testimonium is a later interpolation. Christianity did not establish itself until the 2nd century. This is just a  Christian propaganda.
·         no doubt that Christians existed, from the early years of the second century certainly, and – as heretical Jews or Essenes. But belief in a celestial Christ does not equate to belief in a flesh-and-blood 'Jesus of Nazareth'.
·         Even a belief in  'Jesus of Nazareth' does not make him a reality –Because  it is just a belief that he is a real & no objective impartial & independent proof.

"Festus was now dead, and Albinus was put upon the road; so he assembled the sanhedrin of judges, and brought before them the brother of Jesus, who was called Christ, whose name was James, and some others, (or some of his companions). And when he had formed an accusation against them as breakers of the law, he delivered them to be stoned."
                                                                 -Josephus (The Antiquities of the Jews,Book 20, Chapter 9)

This is Flavius Josephus’s another passage that Christian apologist’s claim prove existence of Jesus. However, even this falls flat on two accounts:
Fact 1: It is dependent upon the earlier (false) reference for explanation .
Fact 2: To identify the James of Falvius Josephus with James the Just( brother of Jesus), is to reject the accepted history of church which declares that James the Just died in 69 A.D., seven years after the James of Falvius Josephus  [see the above quote] was condemned to death by the Sanhedrin. 

Additional Information:-
                                                                                         
      A]                                                             Justus of Tiberias
St Photius
Justus was also an historian, a rival to Josephus, and from the same region. Perhaps his work was not as easily doctored – his histories did not make it through the Christian Dark Age and are – as they say – "lost to us"!                
" I have read the chronology of Justus of Tiberias ... and being under the Jewish prejudices, as indeed he was himself also a Jew by birth, he makes not one mention of Jesus, of what happened to him, or of the wonderful works that he did."
                                                                            – Photius, Patriarch of Constantinople, 9th Century 
Christian apologists are shameless, for their own convenience, blur the distinction between evidence of Jesus and evidence of Christians.
B]                                     Josephus knows nothing of Christians

It was the around the year 53 AD that Josephus decided to investigate the sects among the Jews.  According to the gospel fable this was the period of explosive growth for the Christian faith: " the churches ... throughout all Judaea and Galilee and Samaria ... were edified... and ... were multiplied." – Acts 9:31
·         This is also the time of the so-called "Council of Jerusalem" when supposedly Paul regaled the brothers with tales of "miracles and wonders" among the gentiles (Acts 15.12). And yet Josephus knows nothing about all that stuff, let’s see his own admission:
When I was sixteen years old, I decided to get experience with the various sects that are among us. These are three: as we have said many times, the first, that of the Pharisees, the second that of the Saduccees, the third, that of the Essenes. For I thought that in this way I would choose best, if I carefully examined them all. Therefore, submitting myself to strict training, I passed through the three groups.
·         Josephus elsewhere do record a "fourth sect of Jewish philosophy" but its got nothing to do with Christianity.
·         Josephus says not a word concerning existence of  twelve apostle . Nowhere  he breathes a word concerning the existence of Paul.
C]                                                Which Jesus is Real?
Josephus  describes two Jesuses, who are blended in the figure of our  Gospel Jesus:-

 a) The Jesus (WARS, VI, v, 3) who predicts "woe to Jerusalem"; is flogged till his bones show, but never utters a cry; makes no reply when challenged; returns neither thanks for kindness nor railing for railing; and is finally killed by a stone projectile in the siege; and
b) Jesus the Galilean (LIFE §, 12: 27), son of Sapphias, who opposes Josephus, is associated with Simon and John, and has a following of "sailors and poor people," one of whom betrays him (9 22), whereupon he is captured by a stratagem, his immediate followers forsaking him .
·         Before this point, Jesus has taken 70 of the Galileans with him (5 14) as hostages, and, making them his friends and companions on his journey, sets them "to judge causes." This is the hint for Luke’s story of the seventy disciples.


D]                                                       Talmud and Jesus
We have two Talmuds   “Jerusalem Talmud”  5 A.D & “Talmud of Babylon” 6 A.D.
By this date the only source of information about Jesus available to the rabbis was the Christians themselves! But far from confirming anything found in the gospels the rabbinic authors appear to have confounded at least two Jesuses – a 1st century BC Yeshu ben Pandira and 2nd century AD Yeshu ben Strada.         
·         According to Talmud Shabbat 104b, Sanhedrin 67a, Jesus is apparently the son of an adulterous hairdresser ('Miriam Megaddela') and is executed in Lud.
·         As per Talmud Sanhedrin 107b, Sotah 47a,  has the magician Jesus worshipping a brick during the 1st century BC reign of John Hyrcanus.

If the 3rd century Church Father Origen is to be believed (Contra Celsum 1.28) Celsus, the pagan opponent of Christianity, writing in the late 2nd century, had heard from Jewish sources the scandalous rumour that the  our Jesus Christ was the result of an illicit affair between Miriam, a young Jewess, and a Roman trooper called 'Pantheras.' The woman had been driven off by her husband when he discovered she had got herself pregnant by a soldier of the occupying power.
Tomb Stone At Romerhalle Museum,
 Germany
Indeed it comes as no surprise now  that while Mary stayed a big part of Jesus’s life, Joseph(Jesus’s dad) is completely absent in the latter years of Jesus’s ministry.

It becomes immediately apparent  that Joseph (Jesus’ dad)has been mysterious removed from getting mentioned in the passages of Gospels by Propaganda Chruch fathers when they were writing and editing four Gospels .Mary even went to Jesus’s grave (
Luke 24:10). But because of, what I assume the result of adultery, Joseph left Mary sometime after the departure to Nazareth.
Interestingly, the Panthera’s tombstone is in the Römerhalle museum in Bad Kreuznach, Germany.
Conclusion:- Jesus Never Existed, not at least the Jesus whom we know through Gospels.
Following is a list of important Christian authorities who studied and/or mentioned Josephus but not the Bogus Jesus passage:
  • Justin Martyr (c. 100-c. 165), who obviously pored over Josephus's works, makes no mention of the TF.
  • Theophilus (d. 180), Bishop of Antioch--no mention of the TF.
  • Irenaeus (c. 120/140-c. 200/203), saint and compiler of the New Testament, has not a word about the TF.
  • Clement of Alexandria (c. 150-211/215), influential Greek theologian and prolific Christian writer, head of the Alexandrian school, says nothing about the TF.
  • Origen (c. 185-c. 254), no mention of the TF and specifically states that Josephus did not believe Jesus was "the Christ."
  • Hippolytus (c. 170-c. 235), saint and martyr, nothing about the TF.
  • The author of the ancient Syriac text, "History of Armenia," refers to Josephus but not the Bogus fraud Jesus Passage.
  • Minucius Felix (d. c. 250), lawyer and Christian convert--no mention of the TF.
  • Anatolius (230-c. 270/280)--no mention of TF.
  • Chrysostom (c. 347-407), saint and Syrian prelate, not a word about the TF.
  • Methodius, saint of the 9th century--even at this late date there were apparently copies of Josephus without the TF, as Methodius makes no mention of it.
  • Photius (c. 820-891), Patriarch of Constantinople, not a word about the TF, again indicating copies of Josephus devoid of the passage, or, perhaps, a rejection of it because it was understood to be fraudulent.
 
 Shalom,
Robert Mascharan!!! 



Saturday, 14 April 2012

The Story Of Greece: How The Love Of Christ Ruined A Glorious Nation!!!



Goddess Hera
                                                             

“The more a nation looks barbaric and is estranged from Greek culture, the more our teachings shine - this (faithful) barbarian has conquered the entire world and while all Greek culture is extinguished and destroyed, his (the barbarian's) shines brighter every day.”
                                                                                                                    -Saint John Chrysostom

"Armed with clubs or stones and swords they ran to the temples, some without these weapons only with their bare hands and feet.”
                                                                                                     -Libanios "Pro temples" 389 AD.


314 AD
Immediately after its full legalisation, the Christian Church attacks the Gentiles: The Council of Ancyra denounces the worship of Goddess Artemis.

324 AD
Emperor Constantine declares Christianity as the only official religion of the Roman Empire. At Dydima, Asia Minor, he sacks the Oracle of God Apollo and tortures its Pagan priests to death. He also evicts the Gentiles from Mt. Athos and destroys all local Hellenic Temples.
326 AD
 Emperor Constantine, following the instructions of his mother Helen, destroys the Temple of God Asclepius in Aigeai of Cilicia and many Temples of Goddess Aphrodite in Jerusalem, Aphaca, Mambre, Phoenice, Baalbek, etc.

330 AD
 Constantine steals the treasures and statues of the Pagan Temples in Greece to decorate Nova Roma (Constantinople), the new capital of his Empire.

335 AD
Constantine sacks many Pagan Temples of Asia Minor and Palestine and orders the execution by crucifixion of "all magicians and soothsayers". Martyrdom of the neoplatonist philosopher Sopatros.

341 AD
 Emperor Constas, son of Constantinus, persecutes "all the soothsayers and the Hellenists". Many Gentile Hellenes are either imprisoned or executed.

346 AD
 New large - scale persecutions against the Gentiles in Constantinople. Banishment of the famous orator Libanius accused as... "magician".

401 AD
 The christian mob of Carthage lynches Gentiles and destroys Temples and "idols". In Gaza too, the local bishop, also a..,"Saint", Porphyrius sends his followers to lynch Gentiles and demolish the remaining nine still active Temples of the city. The 15th Council of Chalkedon orders all christians that still keep good relations with their gentile relatives to be excommunicated (even after their death). 
405 AD
John Chrysostom sends his hordes of gray-clad monks armed with clubs and iron bars to destroy the "idols" in all the cities of Palestine 
407 AD
 A new edict outlaws once more all non-christian acts of worship. 
416 AD
 The inquisitor Hypatius, alias "The Sword of God", exterminates the last Gentiles of Bithynia. In Constantinople (7th December), all non-christian army officers, public employees and judges are dismissed
423 AD
 Emperor Theodosius II, declares (8th June) that the Religion of the Gentiles is nothing more than "demon worship" and orders all those who persist in practicing it to be punished by imprisonment and tortured. 
429 AD
 The Temple of Goddess Athena (Parthenon) on the Acropolis of Athens is sacked. Athenian Pagans are persecuted.

440 to 450 AD
The christians demolish all the monuments, altars and Temples of Athens, Olympia, and other Greek cities. 
448 AD
 Theodosius II orders all non-christian books burned. 
450 AD
 All the Temples of Aphrodisias (City of Goddess Aphrodite) are demolished and its Libraries burned down. The city is renamed Stauroupolis (City of the Cross). 
486 AD
 More "underground" Pagan priests are discovered, arrested, burlesqued, tortured and executed in Alexandria, Egypt. 
529 AD
 Emperor Justinianus outlaws the Athenian Philosophical Academy, which has its property confiscated. 
532 AD
The inquisitor Ioannis Asiacus, a fanatical monk, leads a crusade against the Gentiles of Asia Minor
542 AD
Emperor Justinianus allows the inquisitor Ioannis Asiacus to convert the Gentiles of Phrygia, Caria and Lydia in Asia Minor. Within 35 years of this crusade, 99 churches and 12 monasteries are built on the sites of demolished Pagan Temples. 
546 AD
 Hundreds of Gentiles are put to death in Constantinople by the inquisitor Ioannis Asiacus.

556 AD
Justinianus orders the notorious inquisitor Amantius to go to Antioch, to find, arrest, torture and exterminate the last Gentiles of the city and burn all the private libraries down
578 to 582 AD 
Christians torture and crucify Gentile Hellenes all around the Eastern Empire, and exterminate the last Gentiles of Heliopolis (Baalbek). 
692 AD
 The "Penthekte" Council of Constantinople prohibits the remains of Calends, Brumalia, Anthesteria, and other Pagan / Dionysian festivals
804 AD
 The Gentile Hellenes of Laconia, Greece, resist successfully the attempt of Tarasius, Patriarch of Constantinople, to convert them to Christianity. 
950 to 988 AD
Violent conversion of the last Gentile Hellenes of Laconia by the Armenian "Saint" Nikon.

                                                  

What Christianity did to the Greek culture of Alexandria was paradigmatic of why the Greek world turned upside down, and why Rome itself and the West fell to the barbarians and a millennium of darkness.
Alexandria, founded by Alexander the Great in the early third century BCE, was a center for Greek culture for almost a thousand years.
Christianity came to power in the fourth century of our era. The Greek kings of Egypt, the Ptolemies, made Alexandria their capital. They built and supported modern-like institutions for scientific research and advanced studies like the Mouseion, or House of the Muses. A vast library was part of the Mouseion.  The Christians, however, resented books that differed from their Bible. And when, as in Alexandria, there was a vast quantity of non-Christian books and Greek scholars like Hypatia were teaching philosophy and science and openly worshipping the gods, the situation inevitably got out of hand.
According to the 18th century British historian Edward Gibbon, the decision of Emperor Theodosius in 391 to destroy the "idols" of Alexandria "sent up a shout of joy and exultation" among the Christians. "The valuable library of Alexandria was pillaged or destroyed."                            
The American historian Ramsay MacMullen, of Yale University, says that the Christians silenced, burned and destroyed Greek civilization as a form of "theological demonstration."
The Italian classical scholar Luciano Canfora reports that the "burning of books was part of the advent and imposition of Christianity."
Many followers of the Hellenistic gods were punished and slain by Christians, and those caught worshipping or making sacrifices to their gods were often imprisoned, tortured, and killed. Many myths and accusations were issued against the Pagans of Greece. Christians used false accusations that the Greeks killed Christians at their temples during ritualistic sacrifices to justify much religious persecution and blood shed. Many of these accusations were in part caused by a mistaken association with Greek pagans and the pagans of Rome and Thrace, who unlike the Greeks did commit human blood sacrifices
As a result, many religions with their unique cultures have disappeared, leaving behind only mammoth relics, like the ones in Greece and Mexico. The loss of such great living cultures of the world is the mark of success for the zealous of the aggressive religions. The truth is that where there should be a sense of guilt and remorse, there is a sense of achievement and pride. .
The earliest Greek civilizations thrived nearly 4,000 years ago. Yet, their culture still impacts our lives today in the arts, philosophy, science, math, literature, and politics. 

1.       Trial by Jury:  There was no public prosecutor. Anybody could bring charges against another person or persons and start a trial. But there were rules.
   2.      Roots of Democracy: Around 510 BCE  The Ancient Athenians Invented Democracy.
Hecataeus
Plato
Goddess Artemis
Goddess Athena
3.      The geographers of Miletus( 6th century BCE):

Nothing is known of the map of the world supposedly produced in Miletus by Anaximander in the mid-6th century BC. But by the end of the century, also in Miletus, another geographer writes a book of which sufficient details survive for his ideas to be reconstructed. He is Hecataeus.

Like most early mapmakers, Hecataeus puts the most important place at the centre of the world. For medieval Christian cartographers this is Jerusalem. For Hecataeus it is the Aegean Sea, on the east coast of which stands Miletus.

The shape of the world according to Hecataeus has a geometrical simplicity. It is a flat circle, with a continuous ocean forming the rim. The circular land mass is divided into two parts by an almost unbroken stretch of water linked with the ocean on the west at the straits of Gibraltar, then running east the length of the Mediterranean, through the Black Sea and (after a short land bridge) into the Caspian Sea, which joins the ocean on the east.
                                                                 
The semicircle of land above this belt of water is Europe, while the semicircle below is Asia. The part west of the Nile has the subsidiary name of Libya, standing in for Africa.
 Hecataeus is at the end of a pioneering century of Greek science in Miletus, which lies to the east of mainland Greece. At the same period a new centre of Greek scientific speculation is being developed far to the west, in the Pythagorean tradition of southern Italy.
                                                                       
Greek philosophy is strongly associated with Athens, because of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. But scientific history testifies rather more to the colonial spread of Greek culture round the Mediterranean. Ionia and Samos, Italy and Sicily, Alexandria; these are the places where Greeks will establish the rational traditions of western science.
Pythagorus
4.      Pythagoras(6th century BC) :               

Ancient mathematics has reached the modern world largely through the work of Greeks in the classical period, building on the Babylonian tradition. A leading figure among the early Greek mathematicians is Pythagoras.

In about 529 BC Pythagoras moves from Greece to a Greek colony at Crotona, in the heel of Italy. There he establishes a philosophical sect based on the belief that numbers are the underlying and unchangeable truth of the universe. He and his followers soon make precisely the sort of discoveries to reinforce this numerical faith.
 The Pythagoreans can show, for example, that musical notes vary in accordance with the length of a vibrating string; whatever length of string a lute player starts with, if it is doubled the note always falls by exactly an octave (still the basis of the scale in music today).
The followers of Pythagoras are also able to prove that whatever the shape of a triangle, its three angles always add up to the sum of two right angles (180 degrees).

Goddess Aphrodite
5.      Heavenly spheres: from the 5th century BC

This theory introduces the concentric circles which become the false orthodoxy of the next 2000 years, as eventually enshrined by
Ptolemy. It also starts a wild goose chase which will exercise many brilliant minds: what mechanical model can explain the erratic motion of the planets? Eudoxus of Cnidus, in the 4th century, is the first to propose a series of transparent spheres in the heavens, carrying the heavenly bodies at different speeds in linked groups with slightly varying centres. To make such machinery conform to what can be observed in the sky, ever more complex arrangements are needed. Later in the 4th century Aristotle believes he has solved it. He requires no fewer than fifty-five transparent spheres.
 The Pythagoreans are too far ahead of their time in proposing their one central grain of truth - the revolving globe of the earth. But
Copernicus, developing this idea, will acknowledge them as his earliest predecessors.
For most Greek astronomers there seems to be overwhelming evidence that the earth is stationary and the heavens move. This is true even of the greatest among them, Hipparchus. Like his predecessors, he believes that it must be possible to analyze the movement of the spheres. He finds the available data inadequate, so devotes himself not to cosmology but to the prime task of an astronomer - observation of individual stars.

                                                                

Thales

     6.      Electricity and magnetism( 5th century BC):


Two natural phenomena, central to the study of physics, are observed and speculated upon by Greek natural scientists - probably in the 5th century BC, though Aristotle gives credit for the first observation of each to the shadowy figure of Thales.

One such phenomenon is the strange property of amber. If rubbed with fur it will attract feathers or bits of straw. Modern science, in its terms for the forces involved, acknowledges this Greek experiment with amber (electron in Greek). The behaviour of the amber is caused by what we call Electricity, resulting from the transfer of what are now known as electrons.
 The other natural phenomenon, observed in lodestone rather than Amber, also derives its scientific name from Greek experiments. Lodestone is a naturally occurring mineral (formed of iron oxide), and it will surprisingly attract small pieces of iron. .

The Greeks find this mineral in a region of Thessaly called Magnesia. They call itlithos magnetis, the 'stone of Magnesia'. Thus the magnet is identified and named, though like rubbed amber it will only be a source of interest and amusement for the next 1000 years and more - until a practical purpose is found for it in the form of the Compass.
      7.         Democritus and the atom(C.420 BC):
Democritus
In the late 5th century BC Democritus sets out an interesting theory of elemental physics. Notions of a similar kind have been hinted at by other Greek thinkers, but never so fully elaborated.
                                   
He states that all matter is composed of eternal, indivisible, indestructible and infinitely small substances which cling together in different combinations to form the objects perceptible to us. The Greek word for indivisible is atomos. This theory gives birth to the atom.
 
Democritus describes an extraordinary beginning to the universe. He explains that originally all atoms were whirling about in a chaotic manner, until collisions brought them together to form ever larger units - including eventually the world and all that is in it.

His theory will find few followers over the centuries. But his imagination provides an astonishing first glimpse of the Big Bang.

Alcmaeon
7.      The birth of biology( 5th - 4th century BC):
          The Greek philosophers, voracious in their curiosity look   with interest at the range of living creatures, from the humblest plant to man himself. A Greek name is coined by a German naturalist in the early 19th century for this study of all physical aspects of natural life - biology, from bios (life) and logos (word or discourse). It is a subject with clear subdivisions, such as botany, zoology or anatomy. But all are concerned with living organisms.

The first man to make a significant contribution in biology is Alcmaeon, living in 
Crotona in the 5th century. Crotona is famous at the time for its Pythagorean scholars, but Alcmaeon seems not to have been of their school. 









Aristotle
Alcmaeon is the first scientist known to have practised dissection in his researches. His aim is not anatomical, for his interest lies in trying to find the whereabouts of human intelligence. But in the course of his researches he makes the first scientific discoveries in the field of anatomy.

The subsequent Greek theory, subscribed to even by
Aristotle, is that the heart is the seat of intelligence. Alcmaeon reasons that since a blow to the head can affect the mind, in concussion, this must be where reason lies. In dissecting corpses to pursue this idea, he observes passages linking the brain with the eyes (the optic nerves) and the back of the mouth with the ears (Eustachian tubes).







Aristotle may be wrong about the brain being in the heart, but in general he gives a far more complete and well observed account of biology than any other Greek philosopher.

He inaugurates scientific zoology in his reliance on careful observation. He is particularly acute in his study of marine life, having much to say on the habits of fishes, the development of the octopus family, and the nature of whales, dolphins and porpoises. He is also a pioneer in attempting a system of 
classification. Observing an unbroken chain of gradual developments, as the life of plants shades into that of animals, he acknowledges the complexity of the subject and seems almost to glimpse the pattern of evolution. 







Theophrastus.
Aristotle's notes on botany are lost, but many of his observations no doubt survive in the earliest known botanical text - nine books On the History of Plants written by Aristotle's favourite pupil, Theophrastus.

Writing in about 300 BC, Theophrastus attempts to classify plants, as well as describing their structure, habits and uses. His remarks are based on observations carried out in Greece, but he also includes information brought back from the new 
Hellenistic empire in the Middle East, Persia and India, resulting from the conquests of Alexander the Great. 
9. The Hippocratic Oath and the four humours 4th c. BC:
Hippocrates
Hippocrates practises and teaches medicine in about 400 BC on the Greek island of Kos. He will later be regarded as the father of medicine - partly because he is unlike his more theoretical contemporaries in paying close attention to the symptoms of disease, but also because a century or more after his death a group of medical works is gathered together under his name.

This Hippocratic Collection, and in particular the
Hippocratic oath which is part of it, has remained the broad basis of medical principle up to our own day.
 A slightly later Greek text, called On the Nature of Manand attributed to an author by the name of Polybus, introduces a medical theory which will be orthodox in Europe for some 2000 years. It states that human beings are composed of four substances or 'humours', just as inanimate matter is made up of 
four elements. India has asimilar theorybased on three.

The humours are blood, phlegm, black bile (melancholia) and yellow bile (chole). Too much of any one will give a person certain recognizable characteristics. He or she will be sanguine, phlegmatic, melancholy or choleric.
10.  Aristotle's variable atoms 4th century BC:
Aristotle, practical as ever in his determination to get things
Goddess Urania
worked out in detail, proposes a new theory to explain how the four elements ofEmpedoclesand the atoms ofDemocritusproduce the wide range of substances apprehended by our senses.

He suggests that there are two pairs of alternatives - hot and cold, moist and dry - which provide the exact nature of matter. In broad terms the four possible combinations are the four elements: earth (cold and dry), air (hot and moist), fire (hot and dry), water (cold and moist). But it is the infinitely variable balance between these qualities which creates the different atoms of stone or wood, bone or flesh.
11. The earth and the sun: a heresy of the 3rd century BC:
Aristarchus
A lone voice on the Greek island of Samos. In about 270 BC Aristarchus is busy trying to work out the size of the sun and the moon and their distance from the earth. His only surviving work is on this topic, and his calculations are inevitably wide of the mark.

But references in other authors make it clear that his studies have brought him to a startling conclusion.

Aristarchus believes that the earth is in orbit round the sun (quite contrary to what is plain for anyone to see). There is an attempt, which comes to nothing, to have the man prosecuted for impiety. His idea joins the many other dotty notions which enliven the history of human thought, until
Copernicusmentions him, in an early draft of his great book, as someone who had the right idea first.

On reflection Copernicus drops the name of Aristarchus from later versions of the text.
12. The circumference of the earth: calculated c. 220 BC:
Eratosthenes, the librarian of themuseum at Alexandria, has more on his mind than just looking after the scrolls. He is making a map of the stars (he will eventually catalogue nearly 700), and he is busy with his search for prime numbers; he does this by an infinitely laborious process now known as the Sieve of Eratosthenes.
                                     
But his most significant project is working out the circumference of the earth.
 Eratosthenes hears that in noon at midsummer the sun shines straight down a well at Aswan, in the south of Egypt. He finds that on the same day of the year in Alexandria it casts a shadow 7.2 degrees from the vertical. If he can calculate the distance between Aswan and Alexandria, he will know the circumference of the earth (360 degrees instead of 7.2 degrees, or 50 times greater).

He discovers that camels take 50 days to make the journey from Aswan, and he measures an average day's walk by this fairly predictable beast of burden. It gives him a figure of about 46,000 km for the circumference of the earth. This is, amazingly, only 15% out (40,000 km is closer to the truth).

13. Greek atmospheric devices 1st century AD:
Hero's Steam Turbine
Hero, a mathematician in Alexandria in about AD 75, enjoys inventing mechanical gadgets, which he describes in his work Pneumatica. Whether he has the technology to make them we do not know, but his scientific principles are correct.

One such gadget is a primitive version of a steam turbine. Hero says steam should be directed into a hollow globe with outlets through nozzles on opposite sides of the circumference. The nozzles are directed round the rim of the globe. As the steam rushes out, like sparks from a catherine wheel, the globe spins.
 
Hero makes another significant use of atmospheric pressure in a magic altar, putting to work the expansion and contraction of air. A fire heats the air in a container, causing it to expand and force water up a tube into a bucket. The increased weight of the bucket opens the doors of an altar. When the fire is extinguished, the air contracts, the water in the bucket is sucked out and the doors close.
Any temple managing to work this trick is certain to attract more pilgrims, and more money, than its rivals.


         Introduction To Greek Goddess Sophia

Goddess Sophia
         Sophia literally it means  “ Wisdom”. Even in Greek The word "philosophy" comes from the Greek φιλοσοφία (philo-sophia), which literally means "love of wisdom". Sophia is the Wisdom Deity.
She has been revered as the Wise Bride of Solomon by Jews, as the Queen of Wisdom and War (Athena) by Greeks, and as the Holy Spirit of Wisdom by Christians. She is known as Chokmah (pronounced HOK-mah with the H being said like -ch in the name Bach) in Hebrew, and Sapientia in Latin.
Sophia is found throughout the wisdom books of the Bible. There are many references to her in the book of Proverbs, and in the apocryphal books of Sirach and the Wisdom of Solomon (accepted by Catholics and Orthodox, found in the Greek Septuagint of the early Church). She is Wisdom Incarnate, the Goddess of all those who are wise.

Wisdom 8:2, 16, 18 tells us Solomon was considered to be married to Sophia.

Wisdom 9:8-11 even tells us that Sophia instructed Solomon in building the Temple!
The Jews revered Sophia. King Solomon even put her right in the Temple, in the form of the Goddess Asherah. However, after the brutal "reforms" of King Josiah described in 1st and 2nd Kings in your Bible, the veneration of Sophia went underground. Josiah slaughtered all her priests and priestesses and destroyed all her shrines and places of worship. But Sophia adherents remained active in the "underground stream" for centuries even while patriarchal Christianity held total sway in the Western World. 
Goddess Sophia And Her Three Daughter's:Faith, Hope
& Love
Goddess Sophia's Amulet
in the Eastern Christian tradition with the construction of the Hagia Sophia cathedral in Constantinople (now a Muslim museum in Instanbul). The Russian Catholic liturgical service to Sophia combined with the assumption of Mary on May 15. The Russian Orthodox Church has also begun a school of "Sophiology" to explore the thealogy  of Sophia without contradicting the Russian Orthodox theology.
Wisdom of Solomon, clearly says that Sophia is the Holy Spirit

                       


In The name Of Humanity ,
Robert Mascharan